The Future of ‘Bio-Healthcare’ in the Era of Fourth Industrial Revolution
It is the eternal goal of the medical community to find a cure for illnesses, but more recently it has come to include prevention of diseases by providing proper medical information. In the face of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, some keywords related to health and medical treatment are ‘preventionfocused,’ ‘customized precision medical treatment,’ and ‘advanced medical information.’ The paradigm in medicine is shifting from cure-focused treatment to prevention and management of diseases. World governments and medical professionals are also weighing in on this change. Experts also highlight that more active treatments to lower the prevalence of diseases should be developed in order to increase the quality of life and lower the burden of social medical expenditure.
Preventive Medical Services
Preventive medical service is a medical field which focuses on methodology and application to protect, maintain and enhance human health based on science. Recently, its importance is increasing due to the spread of chronic diseases in today’s aging society. Preventive medical service is playing an important role in a complex social phenomenon related to the current medical service, genetic research, and the development of various fields including medical informatics, in addition to various research on propriety of health and medical services for prevention and gene-environment interaction. Preventive medical service is a medical service that is provided before the outbreak of a disease. Therefore, the subject of this medical treatment is not a patient but an ordinary person. It can be conducted on an individual or a group depending on whether the target is indiscriminate or specific. Experts stress that – to lower patients’ onset rate of diseases, increase their quality of life, and to lighten the burden of social medical expenses – more active treatments as well as a reinforced system of preventing and managing diseases for preventive medical services are necessary.