VOLUM is a technology-based blockchain-era holding company. Holding companies have been a part of the business and investing landscape for many decades. Some of the most well-known companies in the world, including Alphabet (Google), Berkshire Hathaway, General Electric and Bank of America are operated as holding companies. VOLUM leverages the benefits of a holding company structure which, by design, minimizes risks through diversification, and allows shared infrastructure to quickly attain economies of scale. In the VOLUM example, all portfolio companies leverage a common native currency and blockchain technology platform that enables streamlined supply chain management, B2B marketplace transactions supported by trustless smart contracts and advanced data analytics. Portfolio companies benefit from vertical and horizontal integration opportunities with other VOLUM operating companies. VOLUM takes minority ownership positions in a wide range of companies, intellectual property and other assets. These assets are tokenized on the VOLUM decentralized platform and made available to investors on digital currency exchanges.