The IAS Machine, born in the 1950s, represents a new height of human intelligence. Its Von Neumann Architecture has also become the cornerstone of contemporary information technology. With the past 60 years’ rapid advancement, especially with the breakthroughs in Cloud Computing, Big Data, IoTs, and AI technologies in last 10 years, IAS will be evolving to its new form: Intelligent Autonomous Systems. The new IAS machine will become an indispensable infrastructure for human society, especially when they are carrying our daily life. Consequently, the crisis in lacking trust to them will seriously affect our society’s stability. Trusting machines will become a new fundamental need for humanity in the near future. Building the Trustworthy and Reliable IAS (TRIAS) will be the ultimate goal of project Trias.
The risks of relying on untrusted machines have become significant. However, for the most of time, we trust the machines by default: Computers and the Internet significantly boost the efficiency of our work. However, untrusted applications can lead to data leaking or tampering; Mobile phones meet our basic daily communication and entertainment needs. However, untrusted mobile apps are illegally collecting our personal data and infringing our personal privacy; Smart medical machines identify pathology, diagnose serious illnesses, and perform surgery with robotic arms. However, untrusted analysis and control-procedures will lead to privacy leaking and may even threaten patients’ lives; Smart home products play the role of housekeepers, cleaners, chefs, or pets, etc. However, untrusted systems will help intruders to peep or control our lives; Wearables, industrial intelligence, transportation infrastructures, and smart city infrastructures will also be machine-controlled. Untrusted systems will put our society in chaos.