Nowadays, there is a huge demand for a number of valuable chemical elements like palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, osmium, iridium, platinum and some others. The demand for isotopes (varieties) of chemical elements has also arisen over the past decades.
Valuable elements and isotopes have characteristics that are in demand in many modern industries (microelectronics, transport, energy storage) and also have special properties in treatment of diseases.
However, there are some significant factors limiting the supply of valuable elements and isotopes, since they are not widely spread in nature. The traditional way of obtaining valuable elements, which is extraction of such elements from natural deposits, is no longer able to keep up with the growing demand.
Modern nuclear technologies are the so-called high-energy nuclear reactions that can create valuable elements and isotopes by means of nuclear transformations, but they are incredibly expensive and lead to environmental disasters and the results are unstable. Therefore, the only industry where the splitting of atom is used today is power engineering.
At the same time, since ancient times mankind is working on another method of obtaining valuable elements and isotopes - Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR). It is a transformation (transmutation) of certain chemical elements into others in their natural environment, without using enormous amounts of energy for the atom splitting.
The last period of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st witnessed a huge breakthrough in such technologies. First, practical proofs of LENR reactions in power engineering were collected, then a homemade low-energy nuclear reactor that generates electricity was built, facts of nuclear reactions taking place in nature, were systematized and studied, and results of biological nuclear reactions using bacteria were obtained.
Today the time has come to take the next step - to master the technology for turning cheap elements into valuable elements and isotopes by means of low- energy nuclear reactions.